Peru- The Wish List Winner

For people who love to travel and explore places their eyes are so precious to uncover treasures and riches that lies in the beauty of traveling. For the ones so lucky to travel wherever they want you can hear stories so overwhelming and decorative about places they have been through that you fall in love with it just by listening about the beauty those places do carry. Yet from a normal traveler to the luckiest ones there’s always this dream hidden inside the soul to explore the very beauty of nature,historical and geographical importance of the places allocated on this planet. From regular holiday makers to those who seldom have a chance there’s always a common wish list of places everyone just wants to go and experience the culture and beauty. As far as I have explored the part of this world I believe Peru is the wish list winner for many who love to travel and explore the world. And there are plenty of reasons which I am trying to explain in the following episode.

Not all the people are rich enough to visit everywhere , not all the people got time to do so, people are busy at work or at other commitments. But still the people who can and don’t contain any barrier by their back are really lucky. I travel not just to explore but to learn about the place,language ,culture and the hospitality people of that particular place offer. Its all about learning and a chance to educate yourself one way or the other.

Historical Grip

Lima-siglo-xix-vaillantLima in the early 19th century, near the Monastery of San Francisco

The earliest evidences of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated to approximately 9,000 BC. The oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3,000 and 1,800 BC.These early developments were followed by archaeological cultures that developed mostly around the coastal and Andean regions throughout Peru.With a culture so rich and old it really asks you to breath in the air it carries and the skies it possesses , the rivers and jungles it owns. From monumental archeology to modern developments it’s a masterpiece to explore and learn.

Geography

AlpamayoAlpamayo, a mountain peak in the Huascarán National Park

Peru is in western South America. It borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The Andes mountains run parallel to the Pacific Ocean; they define the three regions traditionally used to describe the country geographically. The costa (coast), to the west, is a narrow plain, largely arid except for valleys created by seasonal rivers. The sierra (highlands) is the region of the Andes; it includes the Altiplano plateau as well as the highest peak of the country, the 6,768 m (22,205 ft) Huascarán.The third region is the selva (jungle), a wide expanse of flat terrain covered by the Amazon rain-forest that extends east. Almost 60 percent of the country’s area is located within this region. So the place lands in the most beautiful regions all around to give any traveler a charm anyone can hope for or dreamed about.

Culture

Cuzqueña2Anonymous Cuzco School painting, 18th century

Peruvian literature is rooted in the oral traditions of pre-Columbian civilizations. Spaniards introduced writing in the 16th century; colonial literary expression included chronicles and religious literature. After independence, Costumbrism and Romanticism became the most common literary genres, as exemplified in the works of Ricardo Palma. The early 20th century’s Indigenismo movement was led by such writers as Ciro Alegría and José María Arguedas. César Vallejo wrote modernist and often politically engaged verse. Modern Peruvian literature is recognized thanks to authors such as Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa, a leading member of the Latin American Boom.

Food

peru-ceviche-2

Ceviche is a popular lime marinated seafood dish which originated in Peru

 Peruvian cuisine blends Amerindian and Spanish food with strong influences from Chinese, African, Arab, Italian, and Japanese cooking. Common dishes include anticuchos, ceviche, and pachamanca. Peru’s varied climate allows the growth of diverse plants and animals good for cooking.Peru’s diversity of ingredients and cooking techniques is receiving worldwide acclaim.

On the Top of the wish list – Places to go

Cusco – Machu Picchu

cusco1

Inca walls, colorful costumes, churches built on top of palaces, citadels lost in the Andean heights, legendary roads-all the beauty of a glorious past that enfolds the visitors who arrives in Cuzco, the sacred city of the Incas and archaeological capital of the Americas. Ever since US archaeologist Hiram Bingham discovered the citadel of Machu Picchu for the world, Cusco has fired the imagination of millions of travelers from all over the world who venture down the Inca Trail every year, headed for the summit of one of the world’s most extraordinary monuments.

The city of Cuzco, however, features many other attractions which by themselves would be enough to attract visitors. The main square, which the Incas called Huacaypata, the artisans quarter of San Blas, the Convent of Santo Domingo, built on top of the Temple of the Sun or Korikancha and the palaces of the Inca and his court are part of a long list of archaeological wonders.

Lima City of Kings

lima

Lima, the main gateway to Perú, is a major city bustling with living history and movement. It is an ethnic melting pot, featuring pre-Hispanic, colonial and modern elements. The metropolis is also surrounded by every aspect of Nature: the sea, islands, mountains, desert and plantlife. Its various quarters feature a city of more than 8 millions souls with an active nightlife and well-endowed cultural scene, as well as plentiful public transport and non-stop activities.

Iquitos – Amazon River

iquitos1

Iquitos, capital of the department of Loreto, is Peru’s main port along the Amazon River. The city founded in 1757 began to boom from 1881 onwards as a result of the rubber tapping industry. One can still see signs of that economic bonanza in biuldings such as the old Hotel Palace built in Art Nouveau style with materials brought from Europe, and Casa de Fierro, designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel. These constructions contrast with rustic homes that line the Belen quarter, where all constructions rest on pilings due to the fact of the river rising several meters during the rain season. A boatride, along the major rivers and lakes around Iquitos, is particularly bewitching for visitors. Native tribes mainly live along the banks of the Amazon, Napo, Ucayali, Marañon and Nanay Rivers.

Huascaran National Park

huaraz

There, in all its ancient glory, lies the Callejon de Huaylas. This wide valley, some 200 km (124 miles) long, is split by the Santa River and fringed by a picturesque group of towns and villages, among them Recuay, Huaraz, Carhuaz, Yungay and Caraz. It is a land where time appears to have stood still. Wedged between two soaring mountain chains: the cordillera negra and cordillera blanca – The Callejón de Huaylas – gave rise to the ancient Chavín civilization, who have left a legacy in the Chavín de Huantar temple just hours from the city of Huaraz, the capital of the department of Ancash.

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